Tianjin Binhai New Area, located in the eastern coastal areas of Tianjin Municipal of China, is a vice- provincial jurisdiction area, and one of the new development areas of state level and national comprehensive reform pilot area. Tianjin Binhai New Area is in the center of the Bohai economic circle, with a total area of ​​2,270 square kilometers, population of 2.48 million. It is the window for the opening up of northern China, the high level modern manufacturing industry and R & D transformation base, the international shipping and logistics center of northern China, and also a new eco city, known as "the third growth pole for China's economic development". In 2005, Tianjin Binhai New Area was emphasized in the "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" and national development strategies, as one of the new development areas of state level. By 2012, the GDP of Tianjin Binhai New Area has reached 720.517 billion yuan, and the per capita GDP reached nearly 300,000 yuan(about $ 50,000).

Tianjin Binhai New Area has the fastest growing economy in the Bohai Sea region, however, on the other side, it is one of the areas facing the most severe water shortage and water pollution, which make it a typical example for the conflicts between economy development and regional resources and environment protection. Due to its fast urbanization, rivers and channels used for agricultural irrigation in the Tianjin Binhai New Area have gradually transformed into urban landscape rivers/canals, the increased demand of urban ecology water makes the water shortages even more prominent. Despite the water quality in the upstream of Hai River is gradually improving, Tianjin Binhai New Area’s Water Environment Quality has not been fundamentally improved, the water quality of rivers/canels are mostly fall within or worse than national Class V. Pollution in upstream water and shortage of ecological water supply for new urban landscape rivers/channels and city wetland are the two major problems for Tianjin Binhai New Area's water environment improvement.

Updated: 2014-03-31

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